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Saturday, September 18, 2004

Presence Of Mind

At an Interview at Reputed Business School.
An Interviewer said "I shall either ask you ten easy questions or one really difficult question".
 Think well before you make up your mind!"
 The boy thought for a while and said, "my choice is one really difficult question."
"Well, good luck to you, you have made your own choice!
Now tell me this. "What comes first, Day or Night?"
 The boy was jolted into reality as his admission depends on the correctness of his answer,
but he thought for a while and said, "It's the DAY sir!"
 "How?" the interviewer asked.
The boy said "Sorry sir, you promised me that you will not ask me a SECOND difficult question!"
 He was selected for admission!

Friday, September 17, 2004

The History Of Jerusalem

The history of Jerusalem
Tuesday 09 December 2003, 16:04 Makka Time, 13:04 GMT  
The history of Jerusalem is the history of a living city perhaps unlike that of any other in the world.
  • History
  • A capital question
  • UN resolutions
  • The old city of Jerusalem
Jerusalem (al-Quds in Arabic) represents the heart of three world religions: a holy place for Islam, Judaism and Christianity, yet it is also a dangerous flashpoint to one of the world’s most intractable conflicts, the Palestine-Israel issue.
Jerusalem is Islam’s third holiest site and home to the al-Aqsa mosque (Muslims worldwide faced this mosque in prayer before the direction was changed to the mosque in Makka).
It also holds the Dome of the Rock, where the Prophet Muhammad ascended on his night journey to heaven. The al-Haram al-Sharif, or the Noble Sanctuary as it is also called, is held by Jews and Muslims alike to be the place where the Prophet Ibrahim was prevented from sacrificing his son Ismail (or Isaac to Christians and Jews) by God’s intervention.
But for many people throughout history, Jerusalem has been a prized possession and much fought over. Archaeological work in the area suggests that the city was inhabited as far back as 4000BC.
Its earliest known name may be Jebusite, the translation of a Canaanite town. Together with the later arriving Philistines, they are believed to be the earliest known ancestors to present day Palestinians.
"Philistinians" settled along the stretch of the Mediterranean coast that extended approximately from Jaffa to the Gaza Strip, and was within the land of Canaan for many centuries. Having left such an indelible mark, the land of Philistia, or Palestine as it became known, has remained to this day.
David invades
In 1000BC, the Israelite king, David, invaded Jerusalem and walled and fortified the city against further invasion. Later, when King Solomon built the temple, Jerusalem became a spiritual capital, first for the Jews and later for Christians and Muslims too.
In 586BC it fell to the Babylonians and their temple was destroyed by Nebuchadnezzar but later rebuilt. Alexander the Great also captured the whole of Palestine in 332BC and in the subsequent years, the Egyptian Ptolmies and Syrian Seleucids ruled Jerusalem.
Towards the approach of the 1st century, the city was the ruling capital of the Maccabean empire of Simon Maccabee, before giving way to the long rule of the Romans.
During the Roman era, the town of Bethlehem near Jerusalem witnessed the birth of Jesus Christ, a prophet in Islam and, in the Christian belief, the son of God.
Jesus preached the importance of worshipping one God in the towns of Nazareth and Galilee where he lived.
But it would be in Jerusalem where he was tried by the Roman official Pontius Pilate as a rebel and false prophet.
The sentence he received was death, and Christians believe he was then crucified. This act became the central pillar of Christianity and the place of his (alleged) crucifixion in Jerusalem became the holiest site in Christendom.
His followers flocked to the site in pilgrimage and a church, the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, was built around it. Biblical Palestine became a holy land for Christians.
A Roman capital
After Jerusalem was conquered by the Romans, it became the capital of the Herod dynasty that ruled under the direction of Rome. In AD70 the Roman emperor Titus destroyed the Temple to punish and discourage the Jews who had rebelled against his rule.
In AD135 the Roman emperor Hadrian rebuilt the city, giving it new walls and officially naming the land as Palestine while re-naming Jerusalem as Aelia Capitolina in honour to his pagan God, Jupiter.
From AD313, with the widespread acceptance of Christianity by Rome, Jerusalem underwent a revival, greatly aided by St Helena (wife of Emperor Constantine), who sponsored much re-building of the city in the early 4th century. It became a centre for Christian pilgrimage.
By AD638, with the rapid spread of a new religion in the region, Islam, the city was captured by an army led by Abu Ubaydah under the caliphate of Umar ibn al-Khattab and Islam came to Palestine.
Ever since the time of Muhammad, Muslims have considered Jerusalem to be an important place for pilgrimage after Makka, due to its religious significance as being the place of the prophet’s miraculous journey to heaven.
Between AD688 and AD691, the Dome of the Rock mosque was contsructed by al-Walid ibn Abd al-Malik. Two years later, the al-Aqsa mosque was built on the same site, commemorating the place of the prophet's prostrations. The two mosques and their surroundings became known as al-Haram al-Sharif and it became the third holiest site for Muslims.
By the 11th century, Islam had been in the region for more than 500 years. The city gained a worldwide reputation as a city of the three faiths. But with the Fatimids in power, their empire fighting Christian expansionism, the rulers began to restrict the flow of Christian pilgrims. The Fatimid ruler al-Hakim destroyed the Church of the Holy Sepulchre (later rebuilt) in response to an uprising, an act that contributed to the onslaught brought by the coming Crusaders.
In AD1095, Pope Urban II preached for a crusade against Muslims in Palestine. Those who will fight, he said, are promised heavenly redemption for their sins and booty for what they capture or conquer.
In AD1099, Jerusalem was conquered by the Crusaders and its inhabitants slaughtered (Muslim, Christians and Jews alike). For much of the 12th century it became the capital of the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem.
In AD1187, under the leadership of Salah al-Din, Muslims recaptured the city and, much to the relief of the Christian inhabitants, there was no revenge killing. Those who wanted to leave were permitted to do so, with all their goods and belongings, and those who wanted to stay were guaranteed protection for their lives, property, and places of worship. Before he departed to reconquer Muslim lands, Salah al-Din appointed Diya al-Din Isa al-Hakkari as governor and protector of the city.
Thereafter, under Mamluk and then Ottoman rule, Jerusalem was rebuilt and restored especially by Sulayman II (also known as Sulayman the Magnificent), building walls, gates, towers, and aqueducts for the city.
His most notable work is the beautiful tile work commissioned for the exterior of the Dome of the Rock. With the incomparable skills of Persian master ceramicists, 40,000 tiles were fired and put into place, crowned by the inscription of verses from the Quran. They remain to this day.
By AD1228, a sixth Crusade landed on the shores of Palestine and, a year later under treaty, the German emperor, Frederick II, crowned himself as king of Jerusalem. Fifteen years later it was retaken by an Egyptian army led by the pasha (governor), Kharazmi. It was held by the Egyptians in the face of the seventh Crusade until the 15th century, when it passed in to the hands of the Ottoman Turks. 
During Ottoman rule there was a small but significant Jewish presence in Palestine and, by the 19th century, at the onset of Ottoman collapse, Jerusalem had become a more open city. Christian pilgrims increased and churches, hospices, and other institutions were built.
A master plan
European Jewish immigration into Jerusalem was also on the rise and has been seen by some groups as pivotal to a master plan concieved by Zionists. By 1900, Jews made up the largest community in the city and the expanded settlement outside the Old City walls.
In 1914, the First World war led to turmoil, destruction and the need for expansion and conquest by the European powers. So, in 1917, Jerusalem was captured by British forces under General Edmund Allenby.
The same year, British Foreign Secretary Arthur Balfour signalled the British Government's support for a Jewish homeland in Palestine to wealthy and influential Zionist Lord Rothschild.
After the war, Jerusalem was made the capital of Palestine but held under British mandate. As the end of the mandate neared, Arabs and Jews both sought to hold possession of the city. But the minorities in the city, such as the Christians, favoured a city open to all the three religions.
This opinion was given weight by Europeans at the United Nations, which, in partitioning Palestine into Arab and Jewish states, declared that Jerusalem would be an internationally administered city, but in a projected Arab state.

Even before the partition came in to effect on 14 May 1948, fighting between Jews and Arabs broke out in the city. On 28 May, the Jews in the Old City surrendered but the New City remained in Jewish hands.
The Old City and all areas held by the Arab Legion - the quadrant marking East Jerusalem - were annexed by Jordan in April 1949. The newly created state of Israel responded by retaining the area it held and so on 14 December 1949, the New City of Jerusalem was declared the capital of Israel, a politically motivated goal that symbolised Jewish history and power. (Under continuing UN resolutions disputing the status of the city, Israel later made Tel Aviv its capital.) 
In 1967, Israeli forces took the Old City in the Six Day war with Egypt, Syria and Jordan. They formally annexed the Old City and placed all of Jerusalem under central administration.
Arab East Jerusalemites were offered regular Israeli citizenship but nearly all chose to maintain their status as Jordanians. Israel then transferred many Arabs out of the Old City but assured access to the holy sites for Muslims and Christians.
By July 1980, Israel's parliament approved a bill affirming Jerusalem as the country's historic and undivided capital for all Jews but the position of successive Israeli governments has been to keep Tel Aviv as the capital city (as recognised by the UN) while threatening to "declare". With suburbanisation and housing developments in formerly Jordanian-held territory, Jerusalem had become Israel's largest city. But strife between Arabs and Jews has persisted.
For example, Israeli excavation work around the city destroyed numerous items of Islamic art and architecture and altered much of the recognisable features of the Old City. But it was the digging carried out near al-Aqsa mosque and at the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in the 1970s that led to much violence between Muslim and Jewish inhabitants.
In addition, the destruction of Arab buildings and the confiscation of Arab land, together with the changing of Islamic street and building names to Jewish ones, has continued since 1967 in order to Judaise the city, while simultaneously deporting its natives and depriving those who left from returning to their homeland.
Land in Jewish hands
Approximately 15,500 Arabs have been deported and replaced since 1967, according to UN figures, in order to increase the Jewish numbers in the city. Consequently, Jewish inhabitants possess most of the estates and land in the city.
In 1918, the Jews used to possess only four per cent of the land, the Arabs 94% and the minorities made up two per cent; however by 1985, the position had reversed with 84% ownership for the Jews, 14% for the Arabs, and about one per cent for minorities.
Such has been the controversy surrounding the status of Jerusalem as the capital for Muslims and/or Jews that it has been the subject of numerous United Nations resolutions and remains the make or break point in any final status talks.
Jerusalem was discussed as a third directive of UN Resolution 181 in 1947, which tackled the issue of the city as a separate entity (corpus separatum).

A plan was submitted to the UN on 4 April 1950 outlining the management of the holy places, which were to be controlled by the UN through a legislative council:

1. Jerusalem should be divided into two sectors: one run by the Arabs and the other run by the Jews.
2. Jerusalem should be an unarmed, neutral region and nobody would have the right to declare it as his or her capital.
3. A public council should be formed from the whole region, and a special system should be laid down to defend the holy places.

Further to this, the most important resolutions issued by the UN and the Security Council concerning Jerusalem have been:
1. Resolution 2253, issued by the General Assembly on 4 July 1967, considered all the Israeli activities in Eastern Jerusalem illegal and should, therefore, cease. Ninety members adopted it, 20 abstained. Israel did not take part in the discussions or the voting.
2. Resolution 2254, issued by the General Assembly on 14 July 1967, condemned Israel’s failure to apply the previous resolution, and asked Israel to cancel all activities in Eastern Jerusalem and especially not to change the features of the city.
3. Resolution 250, issued by the Security Council on 27 April 1968, asked Israel not to hold a military parade in Jerusalem.
4. Resolution 251, issued by the Security Council on 2 May 1968, condemned the holding of the military parade in Jerusalem.
5. Resolution 252, issued by the Security Council on 21 May 1968, asked Israel to cancel all activities in Jerusalem, and condemned the occupation of any land through armed aggression. It also considered all of these activities illegal and insisted that the situation in the city should remain as it was.
6. Resolution 267, issued by the Security Council on 3 July 1969, confirmed resolution 252.
7. Resolution 271, issued by the Security Council on 15 September 1969, asked Israel to safeguard al-Aqsa mosque and to cancel all activities that may change the features of the city.
8. Resolution 298, issued by the Security Council on 25 September 1971, regretted Israeli nonchalance toward international laws and resolutions concerning Jerusalem. The resolution confirmed that all administrative and legislative procedures taken by Israel in the city, such as estate transfer and land confiscation, were illegal, as well as confirming that no more activities that may change the city features or demography should be undertaken.
Other resolutions where Jerusalem has been discussed include:
1. Resolution 298, issued on 25 September 1974.
2. Resolution 446, issued on 22 March 1979.
3. Resolution 452, issued on 20 September 1979.
4. Resolution 476, issued on 1 March 1980.
5. Resolution 471, issued on 5 June 1980.
6. Resolution 592, issued on 30 June 1980.
7. Resolution 478, issued on 20 August 1980.
8. Resolution 592, issued on 8 September 1986.
9. Resolution 605, issued on 22 December 1986.
10. Resolution 904, issued on  13 March 1994.
The issue of the status of East Jerusalem, annexed by Israel but regarded by Palestinians as part of the capital of their own state, remains difficult.
In 1998, Israel announced a controversial plan to expand Jerusalem by annexing nearby towns. The plan was widely condemned by Arab countries and UN council members. Israel said it would freeze such a measure.
Since the start of the second Intifada of September 2000, Israel has routinely annexed access of the local Arab towns to Jerusalem, thus sealing the city for its own designs.

Tuesday, September 14, 2004

Who Is Smarter?

One night four MBA students were boozing till late night and didn't study for the test which was scheduled for the next day.

In the morning they thought of a plan. They made themselves look as dirty and weird as they could with grease and dirt.

Then they went up to the dean and said that they had gone to a wedding last night and on their return the tyre of their car burst and they had to push the car all the way back and that they were in no condition to appear for the test.

The Dean was a Just person so he said that you can have a retest after three days.
After 3 days they said they were ready.

On the third day they appeared before the dean.

The Dean said that as this was a special condition all four were required to be in separate rooms for the test.

They all agreed as they had prepared well in last three days.

The test consisted of two questions with total marks of 100.

Q1. Write down your Names. (2 marks)

Q2. Which tyre burst? (98 marks)

Saturday, September 11, 2004

Pesanan Imam Syafie.

SEBELUM Imam Syafie pulang ke rahmatullah, beliau sempat berwasiat kepada para muridnya dan umat islam seluruhnya.Berikut ialah kandungan wasiat tersebut: "Barangsiapa yang ingin meninggalkan dunia dalam keadaan selamat maka hendaklah ia mengamalkan sepuluh perkara."


Iaitu: Mengurangkan tidur, mengurangkan makan, mengurangkan percakapan dan berpada-pada dengan rezeki yang ada.


Iaitu: Mengqadhakan kewajipan-kewajipan yang tertinggal, mendapatkan kemaafan dari orang yang kita zalimi, membuat persediaan untuk mati dan merasa cinta kepada Allah.


Iaitu : Membuang tabiat suka menabur fitnah, membuang tabiat kencing merata-rata, memperbanyakkan solat Tahajjud dan membantu orang yang dizalimi.


Iaitu : Tidak berdusta, berkata benar, meninggalkan maksiat dan nasihat menasihati.


Iaitu : Menahan kemarahan, banyak berzikir, mengikhlaskan amalan dan sanggup menanggung kesusahan.


Iaitu : Membuang tabiat suka mengumpat, bersikap warak, suka membantu orang beriman dan suka berjemaah.


Iaitu : Menangis lantaran takutkan Allah SWT, berbuat baik kepada ibu bapa,bersedekah secara terang-terangan serta sembunyi dan memperelok akhlak.


Iaitu : Berasa redha dengan Qadha' Allah, bersabar menerima bala,bersyukur >ke atas nikmat Allah dan bertaubat dari melakukan maksiat.


Iaitu : Berselawat ke atas baginda, berpegang dengan syariat, bergantung kepada as-Sunnah (Hadith), menyayangi para sahabat, dan bersaing dalam mencari keredhaan Allah.


Iaitu : Mengajak manusia ke arah kebaikan, mencegah manusia dari kemungkaran, menyukai ketaatan dan membenci kemaksiatan. Sudahkah anda menunaikan SOLAT ?

Dari Abdullah bin 'Amr r.a., Rasulullah s.a.w. bersabda, "Sampaikanlah pesanku biarpun satu ayat..."

Friday, September 03, 2004

MBA & CA ^_^

This particular joke won an award for the best joke in a competition organized in Britain and this joke was sent by an Indian......

A MBA and a CA go on a camping trip, set up their tent, and fell asleep.
Some hours later, the CA wakes his MBA friend. “Look up at the sky and tell me what you see."
The MBA replies, "I see millions of stars."
"What does that tell you?"
The MBA ponders for a minute.
"Astronomically speaking, it tells me that there are millions of galaxies and potentially billions of planets.
Astrologically, it tells me that Saturn is in Leo. Time wise, it appears to be approximately a quarter past three.
Theologically, it's evident the Lord is all-powerful and we are small and insignificant.
Meteorologically, it seems we will have a beautiful day tomorrow. What does it tell you?"
The CA is silent for a moment, and then speaks. "Practically...Someone has stolen our tent!"

Heaven & Hell


1. Jannat is a very large and very beautiful place.
2. It has been made by Allah Ta'ala for Muslims.
3. It's walls have been made of bricks of gold and silver and its cement is made of musk.
4. The ground is made of saffron and ambergris (a wax-like substance).
5. Instead of gravel, there will be diamonds and pearls.
6. There are huge mansions made of pearls, diamonds and beautiful jewellery to house the residents of Jannat.
7. There are 100 ranks in Jannat. Each rank is as large in breadth as the sky to the ground. It's doors are so wide that a fast horse would have to run seventy years to get from one side to another.
8. There will be so many gifts in Jannat that you would not dream or think about.
9. There will be various types of fruits, milk, honey, wine (sweet smelling, non-alcoholic) and other delicious types of food for the Jannatis.
10. Jannatis will be given clothes so beautiful that nobody in this world will have ever had fate to wear.
11. For assistance, thousands of "Ghilmaan" or clean, pure servants will be available and for company, beautiful "Hoors" (princesses) whose beauty will be so intense that if one Hoor actually looked towards this world, the people would become unconscious just by looking at her beauty and shining.
12. No one will feel sleepy or fall sick in Jannat.
13. No one will be scared or taste death in Jannat.
14. There would not be any sort of trouble, difficulty, hardships or suffering but all kinds of comfort in Jannat.
15. Every wish, request and desire will be fulfilled in Jannat and the greatest Ne'mat (blessing) in Jannat is to make Didaar (see) of Allah Ta'ala
1. This place has been made for the Kaafirs (infidels), Munafiqs (hypocrites) and the sinful and wicked people to live. The Kaafirs will be imprisoned here forever.
2. This is also a place where there is complete darkness and strong black fire, which has no shine to it.
3. It's fire will continue to get hotter. The fire of Hell is so strong that if a pinpoint (equal to a tip of a needle) of it was thrown into this world every single person would die from its heat.
4. If one of the guards of Hell came to this world, people would all die just by seeing his frightening face. No one would survive.
5. The Jahannamis will be given many different types of punishment. Big snakes and scorpions will bite them. People will have their heads crushed by big hammers. People will suffer from extreme hunger and thirst. They will be given a boiling hot oil type of water to drink and poisonous thorny fruits to eat. When they eat this fruit it will get stuck in the throat, and to wash it down they will ask for water and will be given boiling hot water. When drinking this water, all their insides will break and wash away. The thirst will be so extreme that when drinking this water the lips will crumble away.
6. The Kaafirs will become so helpless from this punishment that they will wish for death, but death will not come. They will ask for each other’s advice and go to the guard of Hell, Hazrat Malik. They will ask him to speak to Allah Ta’ala of their fate. Hazrat Malik will not reply to them for a thousand years. After a thousand years, he will reply, "What are you telling me for, tell Him Whom you have disobeyed". Then for a thousand years they will call Allah Ta'ala by His Merciful Names, and for a thousand years He will not reply. After a thousand years, Allah Ta’ala will reply, "Stay away, remain in Hell, do not talk to Me". At this time, the Kaafirs will become completely hopeless of any kind of mercy and will start screaming and crying like the sound of donkeys. First they will cry with tears. Then, when the tears finish, they will cry with tears of blood. There will be big gaping gaps in their cheeks due to the effects of their crying. The amount of water and pus from crying will be so much that if boats were put into them, they
would start sailing. The face of Jahannamis will be so bad that if a Jahannami were brought into this world, all the people would die by looking at his face and from the foul stench.
7. Finally, for the Kaafirs, the situation will be such that for every infidel a coffin will be prepared for them to the length of their height, and then they will be put into this coffin. Then, it will be set on fire and it will be locked with a padlock of fire. It will be then be put inside a larger coffin also made of fire and the gap between will be set on fire. A padlock with chains made of fire will also be put around it. It will then be put into another coffin and then also set on fire and again will be locked with a lock of fire. All this will be then put into a bonfire. Then all the infidels will think that they will never be able to withstand any other heat and that this punishment is above all punishment. There will always be punishment for them and it will never end.
8. After all the Jannatis enter Jannat, only the Jahannamis will be left in Jahannam forever. At that time, death would be placed in between Jannat and Dozakh in the form of a ram. Then a voice will call out to the Jannatis. They would peep with fear thinking that they would be taken out of Jannat. Then, the voice will call out to the Jahannamis. They would be happy while
peeping thinking that they would be taken out from Dozakh. Then the voice would ask them if they recognise it (the ram). All will say, "Yes, this is death." Then the ram will be slaughtered. The voice will say, "O Jannatis, you will live forever and will not die". Then it would say, "O Jahannamis, you will live forever and will not die". From this, the Jannatis will be
ever happy and the Jahannamis will be very sad.

me: terasa rindukan pada syurga...Ya Allah layakkah aku ke syurgamu, Ya Allah jauhilah aku dari nerakamu.....

Thursday, September 02, 2004

Smart Businessman

Jack, a smart businessman, talks to his son
Jack: I want you to marry a girl of my choice
Son: "I will choose my own bride".
Jack: "But the girl is Bill Gates's daughter."
Son : "Well, in that case..."

Next Jack approaches Bill Gates
Jack: "I have a husband for your daughter."
Bill Gates : "But my daughter is too young to marry."
Jack: "But this young man is a vice-president of the World Bank."
Bill Gates : "Ah, in that case..."

Finally Jack goes to see the president of the World Bank.
Jack: "I have a young man to be recommended as a  vice-president."
President : "But I already have more vice-presidents than I need."
Jack: "But this young man is Bill Gates's son-in-law."
President : "Ah, in that case....."

Wednesday, September 01, 2004

FouR HusbandS :D

4 husbands were sitting at the waiting room in a hospital

waiting  for their wives to give birth.

Soon, a nurse came out from the delivery room and told the first daddy:

"Congratulations, you've twins!".

"Oh!..... maybe it's just a coincidence" said the daddy,

"as I'm working at the Petronas Twin Towers".

Then another nurse came out of the room and told the second daddy:

"Congratulations, you've triplets!"

"Wooow!, this is a coincidence,too" said the second daddy.

"I am working for 3M Corporation".

A while later, another nurse appeared and told the third daddy:

"Congratulations! your wife got quadruplets"

"Thanks God. Perhaps this is also a coincidence".

"I work at Four Seasons Hotel!".

Meanwhile, the fourth daddy-to-be was becoming very worried.

All the 3 daddies asked him: "Why do you look so worried?".

He answered, "...uhmmm.... I'm working at Seven-Eleven!"

My Babbling

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